†† Aqueous fluids play an important role in magmatism, metamorphism and the formation of ore deposits.My research aims to understand the evolution and physicochemical properties of ore-forming hydrous silicate melts and associated hydrothermal fluids.To this end, my group is engaged in field and geochemical studies of major mineral deposits as well as experimental x-ray scattering and spectroscopic investigations of metal-bearing silicate melts and aqueous solutions over a range of geologically relevant pressures and temperatures.The data are used to model metal transport and deposition in magmatic and hydrothermal systems.


  • Geochemical and fluid inclusion studies of granitic pegmatites and granite-related ore deposits.
  • The development and application of new high temperature-pressure cells.
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopic (XAS) investigations of ore metal complexes in solvothermal fluids.
  • Chemical controls on solubility of metal oxides in supercritical water.
  • Studies of corrosion and corrosion product transport in supercritical water-cooled reactors.

Students interested in graduate research on granitic pegmatites, ore deposits and/or hydrothermal geochemistry are invited to contact me. aanderso at stfx.ca

Awards / Honours

  • W.F. James Research Chair in the Pure and Applied Sciences at St. Francis Xavier University (2016-2018)
  • Elected a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America, 2012.
  • The 2008 recipient of the Mineralogical Association of Canada J.E. Hawley Medal. The Hawley medal is awarded to the authors of the best paper to appear in The Canadian Mineralogist in a given year.
  • The 2005 recipient of the Geological Association of Canada W.W. Hutchison Medal. The medal is awarded for recent exceptional advances in Canadian earth science research.
  • The 2004 recipient of the St. Francis Xavier University Presidentís Research Award.
  • The 1998 recipient of the Mineralogical Association of Canada J.E. Hawley Medal.


ELASTIC-PART IMMERSION CELL - Patent number 5,422,718. Issued in the United States June 6, 1995.

Synchrotron Radiation Sources

X-ray spectroscopic studies on experimental samples in hydrothermal diamond anvil cells are undertaken at different synchrotron light sources. I am currently using x-ray micro-beam facilities at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France, and the Canadian Light Source (CLS), Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.